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The Education Act (2002) requires that all maintained schools provide a balanced and broadly based curriculum that:
promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of learners at the school and within society
prepares learners at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life.
The purpose of having a statutory core to the curriculum is:
to establish an entitlement.
The national curriculum secures for all pupils, irrespective of social
background, culture, race, gender, differences in ability and
disabilities, an entitlement to a number of areas of learning and to
develop knowledge, understanding, skills and attitudes necessary for
their self-fulfilment and development as active and responsible
citizens.to establish standards. The national
curriculum makes expectations for learning and attainment explicit to
pupils, parents, teachers, governors, employers and the public and
establishes national standards for the performance of all pupils in the
subjects it includes.
to promote continuity and coherence.
The national curriculum contributes to a coherent national framework
that promotes curriculum continuity and is sufficiently flexible to
ensure progression in pupils’ learning. It facilitates the transition
of pupils between schools and phases of education and provides a
foundation for lifelong learning.
to promote public understanding.
The national curriculum increases public understanding of, and
confidence in, the work of schools and in the learning and achievements
resulting from compulsory education. It provides a common basis for
discussion of education issues among lay and professional groups,
including pupils, parents, teachers, governors and employers.
In particular the curriculum should:
attainment, particularly in English, mathematics, science and ICTensure
entitlement for all learners to a broad, balanced and relevant
curriculum that offers continuity and coherence and secures high
standardsinduct learners into the essential knowledge, skills and
discourse of subject disciplines and to develop specialisms appropriate
to aptitudeprepare young people for the world of employment and further
and higher educationmake learners more aware of, and engaged with,
their local, national and international communitiesencourage learners
to take responsibility for their own health and safety, and appreciate
the benefits and risks of the choices they make.
contribute to community cohesion.
acknowledge, promote and pass on the core knowledge and skills valued by society to the next generation.