The nursery children have an opportunity to engage in phonics activities every day.
We are particularly focused on developing the children's ability to differentiate between general sounds such as environmental sounds, animal sounds and instrumental sounds to enable them to hear and differentiate between individual letter sounds. This links to the following areas of learning: Communication and Language and Literacy areas of learning within the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum.
In particular, it will support linking sounds and letters in the order in which they occur in words, and naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet.
The phonic activities taught involve teaching children the following skills:
1: Environmental sound discrimination - This looks closely at differentiating the sounds heard within the environment.
2: Instrumental sound discrimination - This looks closely at differentiating between the different sounds that instruments make.
3: General sound discrimination - This explores the sounds that can be made using parts of the body.
4. Animal sound discrimination - This looks closely at differentiating between the different sounds that animals make.
5: Rhythm and Rhyme - To experience and appreciate rhythm and rhyme and to develop an awareness of rhythm and rhyme in speech.
6: Alliteration - To explore how different sounds are articulated, and to develop an understanding of alliteration.
7: Voice sounds - To distinguish between different vocal sounds, and to explore the different sounds we can make with our voices.
8: Oral blending and segmenting - To develop oral blending and segmenting of sounds in words.
Activities offered to the children on a daily basis which support the above skills are designed to help children:
1. Listen attentively
2. Enlarge their vocabularly
3. Speak with confidence to others
4. Discriminate between letter sounds
5. Use their phonic knowledge to sound words out